Postpartum depression is also state as PPD.

Postpartum depression is a mixture of physical, emotional, and behavioral changes that occur in a woman after giving birth. According to the DSM-5, a manual used to analyze mental disorders,

postpartum depression is a form of major depression that has its beginnings within four weeks after delivery. The diagnosis of postpartum depression is based not only on the period of time between delivery and onset, but also on the seriousness of the depression.

What is postpartum depression?


Postpartum depression is connected to chemical, social, and psychological or mental changes associated with having a baby. The term describes a scope of physical and emotional changes that many new mothers experience. The good news is postpartum depression can be treated with medication and advising or counseling.

The chemical changes include a quick drop in hormones after delivery. The actual connection between this drop and depression is still not clear. But what is known is that the degree of estrogen and progesterone, the female regenerative hormones, increase ten times during pregnancy.  and at that point they drop sharply after delivery. By three days after a woman gives birth, the degree of these hormones drop back to actually they were before she got pregnant.

These changes together with chemical changes, social and psychological changes associated with having a baby leads to an increased risk of depression.

What are the Symptoms of postpartum depression?

Postpartum depression symptoms

Postpartum depression might be confused for baby blues at first — but the signs and symptoms are progressively extraordinary and last longer, and it may interfere with your ability to take care for your baby and handle other daily tasks. Symptoms basically develop within the first few weeks after giving birth, but may begin earlier ― during pregnancy ― or later — up to a year after birth.

Untreated depression may last for a months or more.

The sign and symptoms of postpartum depression are as follows

  • Depressed moods
  • Excessive crying
  • Difficulty in bonding with your baby
  • Withdrawing from family and friends
  • Loss of apetite
  • Eating to much or too less
  • Inability to sleep
  • Sleeping problem
  • Loss of energy
  • Overwhelming fatigue
  • Withdraw interest in day to day activist
  • Hopelessness
  • Feel guilty
  • Feeling worthlessness
  • Restlessness
  • Severe anxiety and panic attack
  • Thoughts of harming yourself or your baby
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Fear of your not a good mother
Baby blues Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of baby blues which lasts only for a few days or weak or two weak after the baby is born, they are as follows

  • Mood swings
  • Anxiety
  • Sadness
  • Irritability
  • Feeling overwhelmed
  • Crying
  • Reduced concentration
  • Apetite problem
  • Trouble in sleeping
Causes

There's no single reason for postpartum depression, yet physical and emotional issues may play a role
              
  • Physical Changes. After childbirth, an emotional drop in hormones (estrogen and progesterone) in your body may add to postpartum depression. Different hormones created by your thyroid organ additionally may drop strongly — which can leave you feeling drained, drowsy and depressed.
  • Emotional Issues. At the point when you're restless and overpowered, you may experience difficulty dealing with even minor issues. You might be on edge about your capacity to think about an infant. You may feel less appealing, battle with your feeling of personality or feel that you've lost command over your life. Any of these issues can add to postpartum depression.

Risk Factors

Any new mother can encounter postpartum depression and it can create after the introduction of any child, not simply the first. In any case, your hazard increments if:

  • You have episode of depression, either during pregnancy or other time
  • You have a bipolar disorder
  • Age at time of pregnancy -- the younger you are, the higher the hazards or risk
  • kids - the more you have, the almost certain you are to be depressed in a resulting pregnancy
  • having a background marked by Depression or premenstrual dysphoric issue (PMDD)
  • Limited social support
  • Living alone
  • Marital conflict
  • Difficulty in breast-feeding
  • Financial problem
  • Unplanned or Unwanted pregnancy

Prevention for postpartum depression

In the event that you have a past filled with depression — particularly post birth anxiety — tell your primary care physician in case you're anticipating getting pregnant or when you discover you're pregnant

  • During pregnancy, your primary care physician can screen you intently for signs and side effects of despondency. The individual may have you complete a downturn screening poll during your pregnancy and after conveyance. Now and again mild depression can be made do with help gatherings, guiding or different treatments. In different cases, antidepressants might be prescribed — in any event, during pregnancy.

  • After your child is born, your primary care physician may prescribe an early baby blues test to screen for signs and symptoms of postpartum depression. The previous it's recognized, the prior treatment can start. On the off chance that you have a past filled with post pregnancy anxiety, your primary care physician may prescribe stimulant treatment or psychotherapy following conveyance.


Is postpartum depression is common?

Most new mothers experience the "baby blues" symptom after delivery. Out of ten every one of these women will develop a more serious and long-lasting depression after delivery. About one in 1,000 women builds up a more serious condition called postpartum psychosis.

Treatments

There is a fluctuation in treatment and recuperation, depending on the seriousness of your depression and your individual needs. In the event If you have an underactive thyroid or an fundamental ailment, your physician may treat those conditions or refer you to the appropriate specialist. Your doctor may also recommend you to a mental health professional.

Baby blues

By follow the following rules you can prevent the blue baby symptom

  • Rest as much as you can
  • Ready to take help from your family and friends
  • Have a connection with new mom 
  • Make a schedule to take care yourself
  • Avoid alcohol or the things which swings your mood

Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression treated with psychotherapy or medication or both

  • Psychotherapy. It might talk through your interests with a therapist, analyst or other emotional wellness proficient. Through treatment, you can discover better approaches to adapt to your sentiments, take care of issues, set reasonable objectives and react to circumstances in a positive manner. Some of the time family or relationship treatment additionally makes a difference.

  • Antidepressants. Your physician may recommend an antidepressant. In case you're breast-feeding, any drugs you take will enter your breast milk. However, most antidepressants can be utilized during breast-feeding with little risk of side effects for your baby. Work with your physician to weigh the potential risks and advantage of specific antidepressants.

Conclusion

In this article we have described about, what is postpartum depression, signs and symptoms of postpartum depression, causes of postpartum depression, Treatment of postpartum depression and Blue babies.

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